Early Intervention Models: Internal Focus

Internal Focus:
Methodology is based on entering the child’s ‘inside’ world. The interventions are child led, rather than led by the therapist. The therapist allows the child to choose what will happen during the session. The therapist attempts to engage and interact with the child, based on the child's interests. Therapies include:
  • DIR / Floortime
  • PRT - Pivotal Response Training
  • ESDMT - Early Start Denver Model Therapy
DIR / Floortime was developed by Dr. Stanley Greenspan. He was a child psychologist that devoted his professional efforts to helping children with autism and other developmental delays. DIR or Developmental Individual Relationship (DIR) and Floortime became synonymous with his theory that child development centers around the core elements of relationships, communication, behavior and thinking. Parents learn how to use his methods and his intervention system can be utilized at anytime, anywhere. To learn more visit https://www.stanleygreenspan.com.

PRT - Pivotal Response Training was created by Drs. Robert and Lynn Koegel from the University of California, Santa Barbara. According to their website, "PRT targets pivotal areas of a child's development, such as motivation, responsivity to multiple cues, self-management, and social initiations. PRT is implemented in the natural environments of the child  (e.g., home, community, and school) and emphasizes parent education to empower family members to become agents of intervention, so that learning can be embedded across daily routines."  Source:  http://www.autismprthelp.com/about-prt.php

ESDMT - Early Start Denver Model Therapy is designed for children  ages 12 to 48 months and was was developed by Dr. Sally J. Rogers. This therapy focuses on the relationship between the therapist and the child and uses play according to the child’s interests.  This intervention focuses on boosting the child's social / emotional, cognitive and language development and can be be used by parents.

All of these therapies are child centered and are provided in the child's natural environment. 

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