Developmental Milestones - 5 Years of Age

Important Milestones: Your Child By 5 Years of Age
Milestone Checklist
How your child plays, learns, speaks, acts, and moves offers important clues about your child’s development. Developmental milestones are things most children can do by a certain age. Check the milestones your child has reached by the end of 5 years. Talk with your child’s doctor at every visit about the milestones your child has reached and what to expect next. What most children do by this age:



Social and Emotional
  • Wants to please friends 
  • Wants to be like friends 
  • More likely to agree with rules 
  • Likes to sing, dance, and act 
  • Is aware of gender 
  • Can tell what’s real and what’s make-believe 
  • Shows more independence (for example, may visit a next-door neighbor by himself [adult supervision is still needed]) 
  • Is sometimes demanding and sometimes very cooperative 
Language/Communication
  • Speaks very clearly 
  • Tells a simple story using full sentences 
  • Uses future tense; for example, “Grandma will be here.” 
  • Says name and address  
Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)
  • Counts 10 or more things 
  • Can draw a person with at least 6 body parts 
  • Can print some letters or numbers 
  • Copies a triangle and other geometric shapes 
  • Knows about things used every day, like money and food 
Movement/Physical Development
  • Stands on one foot for 10 seconds or longer 
  • Hops; may be able to skip 
  • Can do a somersault 
  • Uses a fork and spoon and sometimes a table knife 
  • Can use the toilet on her own  
  • Swings and climbs 
Act early by talking to your child’s doctor if your child:
  • Doesn’t show a wide range of emotions
  • Shows extreme behavior (unusually fearful, aggressive, shy or sad)
  • Unusually withdrawn and not active
  • Is easily distracted, has trouble focusing on one activity for more than 5 minutes
  • Doesn’t respond to people, or responds only superficially
  • Can’t tell what’s real and what’s make-believe
  • Doesn’t play a variety of games and activities
  • Can’t give first and last name
  • Doesn’t use plurals or past tense properly
  • Doesn’t talk about daily activities or experiences
  • Doesn’t draw pictures
  • Can’t brush teeth, wash and dry hands, or get undressed without help
  • Loses skills he once had
Source: https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/actearly/milestones/milestones-5yr.html

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