Abbreviations Every Parent Should Know

ADA -  Americans with Disabilities Act
BIP - Behavior Intervention Plan
ESY - Extended School Year
FAPE - Free Appropriate Public Education
FBA - Functional Behavioral Assessment
FSP - Family Service Plan
IDEA - Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IEE - Independent Educational Evaluation
IEP - Individual Education Plan
IHO - Impartial Hearing Officer
ISP - Individual Service Plan
LRE - Least Restrictive Environment
M-D - Manifestation - Determination
OCR - Office for Civil Rights
OSEP - Office of Special Education Programs
RTI - Response To Intervention
SEA - State Education Agency
SEP - Supportive Employment Plan
SLD - Specific Learning Disability


NPO - nothing by mouth
qd - every day
bid - twice a day
tid - three times daily
qid - four times daily
q4h - every 4 hours (or every 2 hours, 3 hours or 6 hours, for example)
qhs - bedtime (hour of sleep)
qam - every morning
po – by mouth


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