Showing posts from August, 2017

Professionals and Para-Professionals that Frequently work with Individuals on the Spectrum

When choosing the right therapist for your child, it is always helpful to follow up on the credentials, licensure and experience of each professional that will be working with your child.  The following information is not all inclusive, but offers a list of the most common professions that provide services to individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

The following professions MUST have a license to practice:
ALC - Associate Licensed CounselorBCBA - Board Certified Behavior AnalystLCSW - Licensed Clinical Social WorkerLPC - Licensed Professional CounselorNCC - National Certified CounselorOT - Occupational TherapistPT - Physical TherapistPsychiatrist - Medical Doctor with additional training in field of psychology - only MD’s can write prescriptions for medications at this timePsyD - Clinical Psychologist (PhD level with emphasis on counseling)SPL - Speech Language Pathologist The following professionals MAY or MAY NOT have a licensure requirement, depending on individual State G…

Comparison of Federal vs. State “Early Intervention” Programs

Federal “Early Intervention”
•Covers birth to age 3
•Need is not determined by income
•Requires determination of medical need by physician

"Early Intervention" - Federal program for ages birth to 3 years regardless of income to provide a variety of interventions for individuals born with special needs.

State “Early Intervention”
•Covers ages 3 to 5
•Need may be determined by income
•Must show necessity for intervention based on ‘ability to learn’ as determined by the local Public Education Board

"Early Intervention" - State programs for ages 3 - 5 years of age. Designed to provide interventions that will help the child become better prepared to begin and succeed in the public educational system.

After the child reaches the age of 3, the child will “age out” of the Federal program. The child may begin receiving services from the State, based on a different set of needs criteria, as determined by each State.  It is very important that the parent initiate discussion and …

Learning How to Speak "Autism"

Whether you have been involved with the ASD community a short time or a long time, you may want to know how to "talk the talk" of various professional resources. Assessment - also called "instrument", "scale”, “test", "inventory", "questionnaire". A "battery" of assessments means that the individual was evaluated using a variety of items. Concrete Thinking - refers to individual with an ASD taking conversations literally. Example: "don't throw the baby out with the bath water!" my child overheard me & became very afraid that  "somebody threw a baby away" Desensitization - exposes the individual to environment / object / food / etc. that causes a negative reaction from the child Helpful Info: Go SLOW  with very small exposure times Feeding jag - refers to eating habits: some individuals on the spectrum will severely limit the type of food consumed Example:  My child once spent 4 1/2 months eating nothing b…

Abbreviations Every Parent Should Know

ADA -  Americans with Disabilities Act
BIP - Behavior Intervention Plan
ESY - Extended School Year
FAPE - Free Appropriate Public Education
FBA - Functional Behavioral Assessment
FSP - Family Service Plan
IDEA - Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IEE - Independent Educational Evaluation
IEP - Individual Education Plan
IHO - Impartial Hearing Officer
ISP - Individual Service Plan
LRE - Least Restrictive Environment
M-D - Manifestation - Determination
OCR - Office for Civil Rights
OSEP - Office of Special Education Programs
RTI - Response To Intervention
SEA - State Education Agency
SEP - Supportive Employment Plan
SLD - Specific Learning Disability

NPO - nothing by mouth
qd - every day
bid - twice a day
tid - three times daily
qid - four times daily
q4h - every 4 hours (or every 2 hours, 3 hours or 6 hours, for example)
qhs - bedtime (hour of sleep)
qam - every morning
po – by mouth

5 Quick Facts about Autism Spectrum Disorder

Individuals with ASD often have problems with social, emotional, and communication skills. The learning, thinking, and problem-solving abilities of people with ASD can range from gifted to severely challenged. Some people with ASD need a lot of help in their daily lives; others need less.

The Center for Disease Control estimates:
1 in every 68 children has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Five times more common among boys than among girls. ASD occurs in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groupsThe estimated prevalence of ASD has increased roughly 123% since 2002.Almost half (46%) of children identified with ASD had average or above average intellectual ability (IQ > 85)  
March 2014 report

15 Common Indicators of Autism Spectrum Disorders:

May avoid eye contactMay prefer to be aloneMay echo words or phrases of othersMay spin objects / self or hand flappingMay insist on sameness of daily routinesMay have difficulty interacting with othersMay have inappropriate attachments to objects May be fixated on limited subjects of interest or pieces of objectsMay have inappropriate behavior - laughing / giggling or crying / screamingMay not want to be held or cuddledMay have inappropriate response to sights, sounds, tastes, smellsMay have no real fear of dangerMay have high tolerance for physical painMay use gestures to communicate with little age appropriate vocabularyMay have unusual, sustained or repetitive play